How can I Protect my Hard Disk from Physical Damage?

Madhuri Kumari
4 min readDec 5, 2023

We use hard disks in various ways, whether they’re inside our desktop or laptop, as external hard drives for data transfer, storage, and backup, or in NAS, SAN, or RAID storage. There are two main types of hard drives: hard disks and SSDs. SSDs are faster and more durable, while hard disks remain popular for their high storage capacity and lower cost compared to an SSD.

Despite being valuable assets, our hard drives are at risk due to various reasons, like power surges, data corruption, or physical damage such as dropping hard drives, and we might end up losing our data.

In this article, we will discuss how we can protect our hard drive from being damaged and which steps will be useful for the well-being of our hard drive data.

About Hard Drive Failures

A hard drive stores data on its platter, divided into different sectors. This setup allows the read and write points to move across the drive. In simple terms, it depends on a magnetic foundation. In contrast, a Solid state drive (SSD) is a compact data storage device operating on an electronic circuit.

There are many reasons for drive failure. Some of the common ones are:

Power surge: When the electricity fluctuates, it can affect the internal parts of the hard drive, and due to this, our hard drive can be damaged.

Data overloading: If we store an excessive amount of data that fills the whole storage, it can make the hard drive function slowly.

Physical damage: Due to water damage or sudden falling, the internal parts of the hard disk, especially the motor or read and write heads, can be broken.

Data corruption: when we are unable to access the data stored on our hard disk and files become unreadable, it can cause hard disk failure.

Malware Attack: If any virus or malicious software filters our hard drive, it can delete our data or corrupt files stored in our hard drive and cause a hard drive failure.

How can we protect our hard drives from physical damage?

By following the tips written below, we can protect our hard drives from failure or damage and prevent data loss-

Handle Carefully

When carrying your laptop or external hard drive, it’s essential to handle it with care. Avoid placing it in situations where it might be subject to rough treatment, and always hold it securely to minimize the risk of accidental drops.

Use Surge Protectors

Power surges can be a threat to our hard drives. Using surge protectors helps safeguard our computers and external drives from sudden fluctuations in electrical power, reducing the risk of damage.

Maintain a Cool Environment

Excessive heat is not good for our hard drive’s health. Ensure your computer is in a well-ventilated area to prevent overheating. Well-ventilated cooling can contribute to the long life of your hard drive.

Regular Maintenance

We should periodically check and replace faulty cables. Damaged cables can lead to issues and harm our hard drives. Regular maintenance helps identify and solve possible problems before they cause hard disk failure.

Backup Regularly

The best approach to protecting our data is to maintain regular backups. In the event of physical damage, having a recent backup ensures that our files and documents are not lost and we can recover them from backup

Secure Placement

When using an external hard drive, make sure it is placed on a stable surface. Avoid slippery, wet, and hot places that might lead to accidental falls; the hard drive can be damaged internally due to power surge and overheating as well, so maintain proper ventilation.

Use an Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS)

By implementing a UPS, we can protect our computer and hard drive from unexpected power outages. A secure and stable power connection can prevent sudden power loss from causing damage to the hard disk.


Protecting our hard drive from physical damage is an important aspect of maintaining the integrity of our data. With these practical tips in our practice, while using hard drives, we can reduce the risk of hard drive damage.

Hard drive failure is an unavoidable situation. After a certain period of time, hard drives can fail. Many times they give no sign of failure, so what can you do in such a situation? In such a situation, the best option for data recovery is to get help from professionals like Techchef Data Recovery.

Techchef has many years of experience and expertise in solving multiple cases of hard disk data recovery, from data corruption to severe physical damage like damaged platters, motors, or read-write points, with a success rate of up to 100%.

For an immediate inquiry or consultation, call now and talk to our experts at — 1800–313–1737.



Madhuri Kumari

Head of Corporate Communications @ Techchef Data Recovery. ( ) India’s Leading Data Recovery and Data Sanitization Company.